REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL 2019 Annual Report on the implementation of the European Union’s instruments for financing external actions in 2018
1. This annual report covers the European Union’s external assistance policies and programmes in 2018. The report is accompanied by two staff working documents which provide further details on the EU’s external actions in 2018. It reflects on the EU’s global strategy on Foreign and Security (EUGS), which sets out core EU interests and principles and provides a roadmap for a credible, responsible and responsive EU in the world. More specifically, it notes that implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the European Consensus on Development, signed in 2017, as the basis for the EU’s actions on development.
2. The report notes that in 2018, the EU and its Members States remained the world’s largest provider of development funding, contributing more than half of the official development assistance (ODA) globally. The European Commission alone disbursed over EUR 13.2 billion (approximately £11.25billion) in ODA on behalf of the EU with the aim of reducing poverty in the world, ensuring sustainable economic, social and environmental development, and promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and the respect of human rights.
3. Furthermore, the report states that ODA provided by the EU and its Member States reached EUR 74.4 billion (approximately £63.40 billion) last year. In 2018, collective EU ODA represented 0.47% of the EU’s Gross National Income, having decreased from 0.50% in 2017. This reduction was due to a significant decrease in donor refugee spending, which assists refugees and asylum seekers during the first year of their stay, covering food, shelter and training.