Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL LAYING DOWN HARMONISED RULES ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACT) AND AMENDING CERTAIN UNION LEGISLATIVE ACTS
• The main document COM(2021)206 is a proposal drafted by the European Commission for the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI) (“the Proposal”). It was published by the European Commission on 21 April 2021.
• This EM has been drafted on the basis of analysis from the Office for AI and the Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation. Cross-Whitehall teams have also been engaged, given the far-reaching scope of the proposal.
• The Proposal’s ambition is to deliver on European Commission President von der Leyen’s commitment to put forward legislation to achieve a coordinated European approach on the human and ethical implications of AI. It builds on the Commission’s AI White Paper (2020) ‘On Artificial Intelligence - A European approach to excellence and trust'’. Further, it has been informed by a wide stakeholder consultation that was launched following the White Paper’s publication.
• The Proposal represents the European Union’s (EU’s) most ambitious attempt to regulate AI technologies to date and advances the EU’s ambition to become a ‘global leader in the promotion of trustworthy AI at international level’.
• The Proposal sets out a horizontal regulatory approach for the use of AI systems across the EU and its Single Market, with extraterritorial effects for EU trading partners. With this Proposal, the Commission aims to make the rules for AI consistent across the EU and thereby ensure legal certainty, encourage investment and innovation in AI, and build public trust that AI systems are used in ways that respect fundamental rights and European values.