COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2021/1531 of 17 September 2021 amending Annexes II, III and IV to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for aclonifen, acrinathrin, Bacillus pumilus QST 2808, ethirimol, penthiopyrad, picloram and Pseudomonas sp. strain DSMZ 13134 in or on certain products
1. Plant Protection Products (“PPPs”) are “pesticides” that are used to protect crops or desirable or useful plants, regulate plant growth, or prevent growth of unwanted plants. They are primarily used in the agricultural sector but also in forestry, horticulture, amenity areas and in home gardens. As PPPs contain chemicals that are designed to disrupt life processes, risks can be associated with their use. Regulation is required to ensure that PPPs do not harm human health or have unacceptable effects on the environment.
2. The component within PPPs that works against pests and/or plant diseases is called an "active substance". Active substances can be chemicals or micro-organisms. There are robust controls which govern the level of active substance residues (“Maximum Residue Levels” or “MRLs”) that are permitted in or on food.
3. In the EU, MRLs are set on an EU-wide basis under Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 (“Regulation 396/2005”) and reflect the highest amount of active substance residue expected in or on food when PPPs are applied correctly in accordance with their authorised conditions of use. They are always set below safety thresholds. MRLs apply to all foods placed on the EU market, irrespective of whether they have been produced inside or outside of the EU.
4. EU decisions on MRLs are given effect through Commission Implementing Regulations (“CIRs”). Such changes are a frequent and ongoing part of the normal operation of the EU’s regulatory regime.