COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/... of 23.4.2021 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 of the European Parliament and of the Council by laying down detailed rules concerning the specific test procedures and technical requirements for the type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to their driver drowsiness and attention warning systems and amending Annex II to that Regulation
1. These draft proposals implement detailed technical provisions required by Regulation (EU) 2019/2144, the General Safety Regulation. Regulation (EC) 661/2009, which is the predecessor to the General Safety Regulation, is listed in Annex II of the Northern Ireland Protocol. As the General Safety Regulation will repeal and replace 661/2009, it and these proposed implementing measures are in scope of the Protocol. Therefore, new vehicles sold in Northern Ireland will have to comply with the requirements of these proposals.
2. In November 2019 the EU adopted Regulation (EU) 2019/2144, the General Safety Regulation (“GSR II”). GSRII brought together and replaced three separate safety regulations, namely the original General Safety Regulation (“GSR”) (Regulation (EC) 661/2009), the Pedestrian Safety Regulation (“PSR”) (Regulation (EC) 78/2009) and the Hydrogen Safety Regulation (“HSR”) (Regulation (EC) 79/2009). The purpose of GSR II was to update outdated technical requirements, particularly of the PSR and HSR, and introduce new vehicle safety technologies with the potential to prevent casualties on the roads of Europe. As it was due to apply in July 2022, GSRII did not form part of retained legislation when the UK left the EU.
3. Alcohol interlock installation facilitation, driver drowsiness and attention warning, and emergency lane-keeping systems are three of the new safety technologies whose introduction in the EU is being mandated by GSR II. The Regulation also empowered the European Commission to bring forth the detailed provisions concerning the test procedures and technical requirements for these technologies through the delegated and implementing acts which are the subject of this Explanatory Memorandum. In the EU, each of these technologies will be mandatory for all new types of vehicles from 6th July 2022 and all new vehicles entering the market from 7th July 2024, with emergency lane-keeping systems only being mandatory for passenger cars and vans.